The Birth of Venus1863 by Alexandre Cabanel

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The same year, 1863, is also the date of the only one of Cabanel's paintings that is still well known. His almost ridiculously erotic La Naissance de Vénus - the birth of Venus - was a great success at the Salon that year and was immediately snapped up by the Emperor for his private collection.
(http://godsandfoolishgrandeur.blogspot.nl/search?updated-max=2014-11-10T07:00:00-08:00&max-results=10&start=9&by-date=false)
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Location: Musée d'Orsay , Paris