John Henry Twachtman

"John Henry Twachtman (Aug. 4, 1853-Aug. 8, 1902) was an American painter best-known for his impressionist landscapes, though his painting style varied widely through his career.

Art historians consider Twachtman's style of impressionism to be among the more personal and experimental of his generation.

He was a member of "The Ten", a loosely-allied group of American artists dissatisfied with professional art organizations, who banded together in 1898 to exhibit their works as a stylistically-unified group."

"...born in Cincinnati to German immigrants. Among the various jobs that Frederick Twachtman took to support his family was that of window shade decorator, work that young Twachtman also assumed when he was 14 years old. Concurrently, John Twachtman attended classes at the Ohio Mechanics Institute. After 1871 he was enrolled part-time in the McMicken School of Design, where he met Frank Duveneck.
Returning to the US in 1878, Twachtman taught briefly at the Women's Art Association of Cincinnati, but spent much of his time in the east. He became a member of the Society of American Artists in 1879, and the next year he returned to Europe, assisting as a teacher in Duveneck's school in Florence. In 1881 he married Martha Scudder and the couple went abroad, where they remained until 1882. During this visit Twachtman spent time in Holland, painting and etching with his friend J. Alden Weir.

From 1883-1885 Twachtman studied at the Académie Julian in Paris and spent the summers painting in Normandy and at Arques-la-Bataille, near Dieppe. During this period his brushwork became more subdued and his palette lightened considerably, a change to which his familiarity with the work of James McNeill Whistler may have contributed.

By 1886 Twachtman and his family had returned to the US, probably spending much of their time in New York. During the winter of 1886-1887, the artist..."
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First Collected by

Suzan Hamer


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