Louis Comfort Tiffany

USA / 1848 - 1933 / wikipedia / oxfordartonline.com
Louis Comfort Tiffany (Feb. 18, 1848 – Jan. 17, 1933); American artist and designer who worked in the decorative arts; best known for his work in stained glass. He is the American artist most associated with the Art Nouveau and Aesthetic movements..... Tiffany designed stained glass windows and lamps, glass mosaics, blown glass, ceramics, jewelry, enamels and metalwork. He was the first Design Director at his family company, Tiffany & Co., founded by his father Charles Lewis Tiffany.

Born in New York City, the son of Charles Lewis Tiffany and Harriet Olivia Avery Young. He attended school at Pennsylvania Military Academy in West Chester, PA, and Eagleswood Military Academy in Perth Amboy, NJ. His first artistic training was as a painter, studying under George Inness in Eagleswood, NJand Samuel Colman in Irvington, NY. He also studied at the National Academy of Design in NYC in 1866–67 and with salon painter Leon-Adolphe-Auguste Belly in 1868–69. Belly's landscape paintings had a great influence on Tiffany.

Tiffany started out as a painter, but became interested in glassmaking from about 1875 and worked at several glasshouses in Brooklyn between then and 1878. In 1879, he joined... to form Louis Comfort Tiffany and Associated American Artists. The business was short-lived, lasting only 4 years. The group made designs for wallpaper, furniture, and textiles. He later opened his own glass factory in Corona, NY, determined to provide designs that improved the quality of contemporary glass. Tiffany's leadership and talent, as well as his father's money and connections, led this business to thrive.

...A desire to concentrate on art in glass led to the breakup of the firm in 1885 when Tiffany chose to establish his own glassmaking firm that same year. The first Tiffany Glass Company was incorporated December 1, 1885 and in 1902 became known as the Tiffany Studios.... He developed the "copper foil" technique...
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Madeleine Retif


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