Louise Bourgeois

Photo credit: Annie Leibovitz’s Louise Bourgeois

“I am a searcher... I always was... and I still am... searching for the missing piece.” Louise Bourgeois

Louise Joséphine Bourgeois (25 Dec. 1911 – 31 May 2010), was a renowned French-American artist and sculptor, one of the most important artists in modern and contemporary art, and known for her spider structures which resulted in her being nicknamed the Spiderwoman. Her largest spider sculpture titled Maman has loomed over numerous locations around the world, standing at over 30 ft (9.27m).

She is recognized today as the founder of confessional art.

In the late 1940s, after moving to New York City with her American husband, Robert Goldwater, she turned to sculpture. Her works often express themes of betrayal, anxiety, and loneliness. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louise_Bourgeois

Born in Paris; perhaps best known for her spider sculptures titled “Maman”. Initially studied mathematics at the Sorbonne in 1932 but left to study art instead. In the mid to late 1930s, she studied at the École des Beaux-Arts, Académie de la Grande-Chaumière, École du Louvre, Atelier Fernand Léger, and other schools in Paris.

Bourgeois married American art historian Robert Goldwater, and in 1938, moved to New York where she studied for 2 years at the Art Students League. Bourgeois began her career as a painter and engraver, turning to wood sculpture in the late 1940s. In the mid 50s Bourgeois’ artwork explored issues such as internal distress, fear, vulnerability, and loss of control. She worked with bronze, plaster, and marble, and her previous rigid, upright sculptures evolved into smooth, organic shapes. In the 1960s Bourgeois’ works became larger and were executed in bronze, carved stone, and rubber latex. During this time, she explored relationships between men and women in her artwork which became more sexually..." http://www.dailyartfixx.com/2009/08/05/5-women-artists-you-should-know-v2/
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