Marianne von Werefkin

Russia / Germany / Switzerland / 1860 - 1938 / wikipedia
Marianne von Werefkin (10 Sept. [O.S. 29 Aug.] 1860, Tula, Russia – 6 Feb. 1938, Ascona, Switzerland), born Marianna Wladimirowna Werewkina (transliteration Marianna Vladimirovna Verëvkina); a Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter.

Born in the Russian town of Tula as the daughter of the commander of the Ekaterinburg Regiment. She had her first private academic drawing lessons at the age of 14. In 1880, she became a student of Ilya Repin, the most important painter of Russian Realism. Her progress was dealt a setback by a hunting accident in 1888 in which she accidentally shot her right hand which remained crippled after a lengthy period of recovery. By practicing persistently she finally managed to use drawing and painting instruments with her right hand again.

In 1892 she met Alexej von Jawlensky, who desired to be her protégé, and in 1896 she, Jawlensky, and their servant moved to Munich. For the sake of Jawlensky's painting, Werefkin interrupted her painting for almost 10 years. She initiated a Salon in Munich which soon became a center of lively artistic exchange. She also founded the Lukasbruderschaft of which also Kandinsky was a member.

...At the outbreak of World War I, Werefkin and Jawlensky immigrated to Switzerland.... Werefkin moved alone to Ascona, on Lago Maggiore where she painted many colorful, landscapes in an expressionist style. In 1924 she founded the artist group "Großer Bär" (i.e., Big Bear, Ursa Major).
[] of the founders of Expressionism. She started with icon-painting (a common story for many Russian avant-garde artists, even for Malevich and Tatlin). Than she studied in Petersburg, and Ilya Repin was her teacher.

She was, together with Kandinsky, Franz Marc, Gabriele Munter etc., a member of the group of artists Der Blaue Reiter - fundamental movement to whole Expressionism.
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